Maybe the largest factor contributing to the birth and prosperity of Atlanta in the 19th century would be rail service
Atlanta's Circle Wye railroad junction was formed in 1846 with the completion of the Macon-Atlanta line by the Macon and Western Railroad.
From this beginning the City of Atlanta (which was incorporated the following year) has grown in its own distinct way. The Circle Wye railroad junction has literally shaped the City that we live in and its form and effect on our City are still present today after more than 165 years. The junction is contained in what is locally referred to as “the Gulch.” With the loss of Atlanta’s Terminal Station and plans for a multi-modal station to be located on or near this site, the Atlanta Preservation Center is advocating for the unique shape and history formed by these railroad lines to be kept intact and honored with future designs of the site.
Brookwood Station, originally Peachtree Southern Railway station, is Atlanta's only remaining passenger terminal. It was designed by noted architect Neel Reid. The significant Georgian Revival building features Palladian doorways and windows surmounted by a molded entablature. Amtrak, which currently operates the station, has recently submitted plans to relocate its operations to Atlantic Station. The fate of the historic station is unknown.
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